The hottest high-risk carrier of empty container e

  • Detail

The implementation of the strategy of shifting the economic center of Qingdao to the West has strongly stimulated the rapid development of local foreign trade and economic cooperation. In particular, the foreign trade containers in the old port area of Qingdao have been successfully moved to the Qianwan port area of Qingdao on the west coast of Jiaozhou Bay. The volume of containers swallowed and vomited soared from 2million TEUs in 2002 to 6.3 million TEUs in 2005, with an annual growth rate of 30%. At the same time, various epidemics, epidemics and toxic and harmful substances have also taken the opportunity to enter, and the problem of "empty containers not empty" of inbound containers has become particularly prominent in recent years. Huangdao inspection and Quarantine Bureau attaches great importance to it, and takes effective measures to strictly inspect the empty containers entering the country, and constantly detect the toxic and harmful substances carrying vectors, animal and plant residues, and "foreign garbage", so as to ensure the health and safety of the port. However, the epidemic situation of empty containers entering the country is becoming more and more serious, and it has increasingly become a "high-risk carrier that must be calibrated before use", which must be highly concerned

typical cases and Enlightenment

in the first quarter of 2006, Huangdao Bureau accepted the declaration of empty containers entering the country, 12738 water-resistant 7 TEU, and 6083 TEU for quarantine inspection. Various epidemic diseases and toxic and harmful substances were detected in 1806 TEU, with a detection rate of 30%. The main detected substances were pigeon carcasses, human feces, pepper seeds and crushed pepper, rotten fish, old electrical appliances, live cockroaches, live geckos, flies, paper scraps, wood packaging residues, packaging Cigarette butts, cigarette boxes, etc. Among them, vectors account for 0.16%; Soil and animal carcasses accounted for 2.7%; Animal and plant residues accounted for 32.5%; With axial deformation, domestic garbage and other toxic and harmful substances continue to be imposed, accounting for 64.8%

since February 2006, Huangdao inspection and Quarantine Bureau has found a series of problems from the empty containers: such as rotten fish, packaging, sawdust, etc., pigeon carcasses, geckos, old electricity meters, old electrical appliances, flies and household garbage

"empty container is not empty" has great harm

"empty container is not empty" has great harm. All kinds of vector organisms, feces, household garbage and poultry carcasses carried in empty containers can easily lead to the rapid propagation and spread of a large number of bacteria and viruses, which seriously threaten people's health. For example, flies are the main vectors of acute infectious diseases such as cholera and malaria; Human feces are an important route of transmission of opportunistic pathogens. The feces of patients with infectious diseases such as SARS, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and influenza or virus carriers are very easy to cause the spread of infectious diseases; Household garbage carries a large number of bacteria, which seriously endangers people's health; Poultry carcasses may carry poultry epidemics that are prohibited from entering the country. If they are not handled properly, the virus they carry will spread in China. Therefore, great attention should be paid to strictly preventing the epidemic from entering the country through empty containers

due to the small size of a large number of animal and plant residues, most of them remain in the cracks of empty boxes, which are very easy to be ignored, increasing the risk of harmful plant diseases and pests into the territory. And in these animal and plant residues, it is very easy to hide a large number of pests, including a class of harmful pests, coffee fruit bark beetle and grain spotted bark beetle. Because of their strong tolerance, these pests can survive in the box for a long time, which is very easy to cause the spread of the epidemic and endanger the development of agriculture and forestry in China. "Empty containers are not empty" affects the speed of customs clearance and increases the burden on enterprises. A large number of corn, peas, sesame seeds and other seeds scattered in the container, especially the seeds scattered in the bottom tank of the refrigerated container, are very time-consuming and laborious in the cleaning process. According to the on-site investigation, refrigerated containers containing a large number of seeds need to be removed more times in the cleaning process, which takes 2 to 3 hours more than ordinary containers, affecting the timely recycling of empty containers and increasing logistics costs. In addition, if empty containers are not carefully cleaned and treated after unloading abroad, the accumulated freight rate of waste at the port will gradually stabilize and have a downward trend. In addition, a large amount of waste water produced by washing containers will bring great pressure to environmental protection at the port

"problem empty containers" how to solve the problems found in the inspection and Quarantine of entry empty containers, Huangdao bureau takes effective measures to comprehensively build the entry empty container quarantine system: first, attach great importance to the inspection and Quarantine of entry empty containers, conscientiously implement the relevant inspection and quarantine laws and regulations and normative documents, further study, study and implement the entry and exit container inspection and quarantine procedures of the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, Ensure that law enforcement, inspection and handling are in place, and perform the responsibility of safeguarding the country and the people; Second, implement risk analysis, list the shipping companies, routes, countries of departure and ports of departure that have repeatedly found outbreaks and toxic and harmful substances as key quarantine objects, and increase the proportion of spot checks and quarantine supervision; Third, we should give full play to social forces, establish a station inspection system, implement classified management of container stations, organically combine the quality of inspection work with the station classification management, and link the frequency and proportion of spot inspection of exit loading inspection with the detection rate of station inspection, so as to drive the entry business with the exit business; Fourth, the introduction of electronic supervision and video surveillance in empty container quarantine. First, Jiefeng and Luyi stations are selected as pilot sites, and the two key control points of the dry cabinet inspection area and the frozen cabinet PTI inspection area are used as video monitoring areas. Fixed and movable cameras are installed to monitor the whole process of empty container quarantine inspection and co inspection; Fifth, establish a risk early warning and rapid response mechanism, formulate an emergency plan, and start the emergency plan in time once a major epidemic situation and toxic and harmful substances are found; Sixthly, the "important situation of container inspection and quarantine for container stations" was established. Summarize the work experience of each station in a timely manner, publicize laws and regulations, report the epidemic situation, typical cases, existing problems and work requirements around the world, guide the co inspection work of each station, and improve the awareness of epidemic prevention and reporting; Seventh, in strict accordance with the requirements of the notice on quality analysis of entry and exit container inspection and quarantine, we should carefully carry out sanitation and disinfestation treatment for all kinds of epidemic situations and toxic and harmful substances detected in empty containers of entry and exit containers, and timely sort out relevant case materials and submit them to the public. At the same time, we should do a good job in communicating with shipping companies, promptly feed back the detection of major problems to foreign container companies through certain channels, and urge them to thoroughly sanitize the containers before entering the country

(Li Na, Kuang Yong, Gao Qiang)

source: China Guomen times

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI